Wat is the gender gay gap.
What is the gender pay gap?
On average, women in the Netherlands earn around 17,9 % less per hour than men. This difference between men’s and women’s pay, is called the gender pay gap and is based on the average difference in gross hourly earnings of all employees.
Across the EU economy women earn on average around 16,2% less then men. It is below 10 % in Slovenia, Poland, Italy and Luxembourg, but wider than 20 % in the United Kingdom, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Greece, Germany, Austria and Estonia.
Although the overall gender pay gap has narrowed in the last decade, in some countries the national gender pay gap has actually been widening (Latvia, Portugal).
The impact of the gender pay gap means that women earn less over their lifetimes; this results
in lower pensions and a risk of poverty in old age. In 2011, 23 % of women aged 65 and over were at risk of poverty, compared to 17 % of men.
The gender pay gap exists even though women do better at school and university than men. On average, in 2012, 83% of young women reach at least upper secondary school education in the EU, compared to 77.5 % of men. Women also represent 60 % of university graduates in the EU.
The overall employment rate for women in Europe is 62.4 %, compared to 74.6 % for men aged 20-64. Women are the majority of part-time workers in the EU, with 32.6 % of women working part-time against only 9.5 % of men. This has a negative impact on career progression, training opportunities, pension rights and unemployment benefits, all of which affect the gender pay gap.
Source: European Comission